El Faiyum is a city located in the southwestern part of Egypt, around 80 kilometers southwest of Cairo. It is situated in a fertile basin known as the Faiyum Oasis, which has a rich history dating back to ancient times. The region's proximity to the Nile River and its favorable climate have made it an ideal location for agriculture, including the cultivation of aromatic herbs and spices. The original history of El Faiyum is intertwined with its importance in the aromatic herbs and spices trade. Over the centuries, the city has been a hub for the production and trade of these valuable plant resources. The fertile soil and favorable climate of El Faiyum have allowed for the cultivation of aromatic plants such as mint, chamomile, cumin, and coriander. This has attracted traders and buyers from both domestic and international markets, contributing to the local economy and preserving the cultural heritage associated with these aromatic herbs and spices.